According to the UN data, the Sri Lankan population in 2015 was 20.811million9. Poverty in Sri Lanka has declined drastically over the past few years. According to the data published by the Department of Census and Statistics of Sri Lanka (DCS), the poverty headcount index for 2015 was 610. Sri Lanka’s human development index was at 0.757in 2014, and ranked 73rd among 187 counties11. The educational matters are under the purview of both the Central Government and the Provincial Councils, each of which has different responsibilities.
According to World Health Organization, the average life expectancy at birth in 2015 was 72 for male, and 78 for female12. Based on the Quarterly Labour force survey conducted by the DCS, the average number of employed persons in 2015 was 8.424 million, 28.2% of which is from the agricultural sector,while the other 45.8% and 26% are from industry and services sectors respectively13. The government employees in 2015accounted for 1.283 million14.